Water is indispensable for all forms of life on Earth, as it plays a vital role in maintaining biological processes, supporting ecosystems, and contributing to human well-being. Additionally, water holds cultural significance in many societies, being associated with rituals and ceremonies and carrying diverse symbolic meanings.

When present in urban public spaces, water-related elements also offer various benefits. For instance, they can help improve air quality by capturing and removing dust and pollutants, which is particularly advantageous in urban areas with high pollution levels. Water incorporated in the form of rain gardens or permeable surfaces can aid in managing stormwater runoff, reducing the risk of floods and contributing to sustainable water management practices. Additionally, water resources can play a crucial role in cooling the surrounding environment, helping to mitigate the urban heat island effect, a strategy of particular interest in the era of the climate changes we are currently experiencing.

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