1. A person trained and experienced in the design of buildings and the coordination and supervision of all aspects of the construc- tion of buildings. 2.A designation reserved, usually by law, for a person or organization pro- fessionally qualified and duly licensed to per- form architectural services, including analysis of project requirements, creation and develop- ment of the project design, preparation of draw- ings, specifications, and bidding requirements, and general administration of the construction contract. An architect usually renders services that require the application of art, science, and the aesthetics of design to the construction of buildings, including their components and appurtenances and the spaces around them, tak- ing into account the safeguarding of life, health, property, and public welfare; often includes con- sultation, evaluation, planning, the provision of preliminary studies, designs, and construction documents; and may also include construction management, and the administration of con- struction documents.

Source:  Cyril M. Harris. 2006. Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. McGraw-Hill. DOI: 10.1036/0071452370